Pakistan in South Asia operates a national programme for family planning and primary health care, which was launched in 1994.
It is commonly referred to as the lady health workers programme and aims to increase access to basic preventive health care services, particularly in rural areas.
The country has a population of 191 million people with a life expectancy of 66 for men and 69 for women.
It has a higher than average number of deaths from heart disease, cerebrovascular disease (variety of medical conditions that affect the blood vessels of the brain) and neonatal encephalopathy (disturbed brain function in new-born babies).
In a landmark agreement between Alder Hey and the Fred Hollows Foundation (FHF), the ophthalmology department undertook training of paediatric eye care teams from Pakistan led by Mr Arvind Chandna.
These clinicians were largely from tertiary eye care centres and each participant travelled to Alder Hey every six months for two years.
Mr Chandna has also helped The Department of Paediatric Ophthalmology collaborate with overseas centres of excellence to conduct Research Programmes. These included working with multiple centres on Capacity Building Programmes to provide teaching and training in paediatric ophthalmology in developing countries over the last 20 years.