In this section you will find lots of Occupational Therapy advice for you and your child, including information sheets and activity suggestions. It is recommended that children practice activities for a short time daily, rather than one long session per week to make the most progress.
Core and Shoulder Stability
Children need good core and shoulder stability to support their standing and sitting posture. Strengthening the core muscles increases a child’s general stability whilst increasing the muscular stability around the shoulder girdle can help to improve a child’s postural control and fine motor skills, especially handwriting.
Click on the links below to find activities to help improve your child’s core and shoulder stability.
Fine Motor Skills
Fine motor skills involve the use of the small muscles that control the hand, fingers, and thumb. Children need to refine the use of these small muscles to develop the ability to make a variety of movements so that they are able to complete important tasks such as dressing, using cutlery, grasping toys, writing and drawing, and using scissors more easily.
Click on the links below to find activities to help improve your child’s fine motor skills.
- Bilateral Coordination (Using hands together)
- Crossing midline
- Fine motor co-ordination
- Hand strength
- In-hand manipulation
Pencil & scissor skills
Click on the links below to find activities to help improve your child’s pencil and scissor skills.
- Pre-writing skills
- Good Posture for handwriting
- Pencil grasp
- Pencil control
- Scissor skills
- Visual motor integration skills
- Visual perception
Visual Perception Skills
Visual perception is the ability to use visual information to recognise, recall and identify objects, and to make meaning of what we see. The ability to recognise objects and shapes develops at an earlier age than the ability to use the information in a motor pattern (movement/action). As children learn letters, they rely heavily on visual information for guidance of movement and self correction. Before learning to reproduce a motor pattern to form a shape, number or letter, a child needs an image or idea of what the desired object looks like.
Click on the links below to find activities to help improve your child’s visual perception skills.
- Visual Discrimination
- Visual Memory
- Visual Form Constancy
- Visual Figure Ground
- Visual Closure
- Visual Spatial Relationships
- Visual Motor Integration skills
Self care skills
Self care skills are life activities that we complete everyday to look after ourselves. These life activities include dressing, eating and drinking, and toileting. They are often referred to as Activities of Daily Living (ADL’s).
Click on the links below to find activities to help your child’s self-care skills.
- Caring cutlery
- Handled rulers
- Mov'in sit cushion
- Pencil grips
- Sloped writing boards
- Therapy putty
Sensory Processing Difficulties
Sensory processing is the process of taking in information from the world around us, making sense of that information and using it to act and respond in an appropriate manner.
Information about our own body and the world is gathered from the 7 senses. Everyone has some sensory processing difficulties now and then, because no one is well regulated all the time, however for some individuals sensory processing difficulties can have a significant impact on their daily life.
Click on the links below to find strategies to help to regulate your child’s sensory processing difficulties.